化妆品/护肤品的研发及测试的具体流程是怎么样的?

2020-06-12 17:37

    首先,什么是医美护肤品?医美的全称是“医学美容”,它是通过药物、仪器和手术等医学手段,来改变五官、皮肤等人体外部形态。说得再简洁明了一些,医美就是以提升外在美感为目的,而进行的一系列治疗手段。目前医美行业有以下5种分类,分别是:五官美容、美体美容,皮肤美容、无创美容、口腔美容和其他美容。很多人一听到医美这个词,下意识就会把它跟“整容”划上等号,但其实它们不完全相同。严格来说,医美是一个总的范畴,而整容只是医美旗下的一个分支。凡是有创伤的美容治疗方法,一定是整容的范畴,而这样的整容手术,是必须在医疗机构才能进行的。除了整容,还有光子嫩肤、针剂注射、祛斑点痣等护肤类项目也都属于医美的范畴。不光是医院,这些项目还可以在专业的美容会所中由国家执业医师来操作。医美护肤品与普通护肤品有什么区别?医美护肤品虽然也打着“医美”字样,但它的本质其实也还是护肤品,只不过它往往由医药公司生产,是生物医学级的原料结合美容专业保养概念,针对某些特定的皮肤症状而研发的护肤品。在临床医学中,这类功效护肤品能够帮助患者保持皮肤健康,预防治疗后的并发症,加速皮肤恢复和减少额外损伤。还有一点需要讲明的是医美护肤品不是药妆,两者从概念上来看有很强的相似性,但完全不是一个东西。“药妆”的概念来源于美国,一般被认为是含药化妆品。在美国, 凡被FDA(美国食品药品管理局)认为含有药物成分的化妆品就是药妆品。药妆虽然含有一定的药物成分,但在中国市场仍属护肤品批号范畴,包装上会有注明“妆”字号。 而医美护肤品属于医疗器械的范畴,其包装上会有“械”字号。以当下更火的医美面膜举例,可以清楚的看到包装上的医疗器械标注。

2-1F630161058-50.jpg

在国家食品药品监督管理局的备案中,也可以清楚地找到它的备案是医疗器械 。

First of all, what is beauty care products? The full name of medical beauty is "medical beauty". It changes the external form of human body such as facial features and skin by means of medicine, instruments, surgery and other medical means. To be more succinct and clear, medical beauty is a series of treatment means for the purpose of improving external beauty. At present, the medical beauty industry has the following five categories: facial beauty, body beauty, skin beauty, non-invasive beauty, oral beauty and other beauty. As soon as many people hear the word "beauty of medicine", their subconscious will equate it with "plastic surgery", but in fact, they are not exactly the same. Strictly speaking, medical beauty is a general category, and plastic surgery is only a branch of medical beauty. All the traumatic cosmetic treatment methods must be the scope of plastic surgery, and such plastic surgery must be carried out in medical institutions. In addition to cosmetic surgery, there are also skin care projects such as Photorejuvenation, injection, freckle removal and nevus removal, which also belong to the category of medical beauty. Not only hospitals, these projects can also be operated by national doctors in professional beauty salons. What's the difference between medical skin care products and ordinary skin care products? Although medical beauty skin care products are also labeled "medical beauty", its essence is also skin care products, but it is often produced by pharmaceutical companies. It is a kind of skin care product developed for some specific skin symptoms based on biomedical raw materials combined with the concept of professional beauty care. In clinical medicine, this kind of effective skin care products can help patients maintain skin health, prevent complications after treatment, accelerate skin repair and reduce additional damage. It should also be noted that Medicare skin care products are not cosmetics. They have a strong conceptual similarity, but they are not one thing at all. The concept of "medicated makeup" comes from the United States and is generally considered to be medicated cosmetics. In the United States, cosmetics that are considered by the FDA to contain pharmaceutical ingredients are cosmetic products. Although pharmaceutical makeup contains certain pharmaceutical ingredients, it still belongs to the category of skin care product batch number in the Chinese market, and the package will be marked with "makeup" number. Medical beauty skin care products belong to the category of medical devices, and there will be a "mechanical" brand on the package. Take the most popular medical beauty mask at present, for example, you can clearly see the label of medical devices on the package.

In the record of the State Food and drug administration, it can also be clearly found that its record is a medical device.